I existed in an environment of torture in my home and other places during my childhood. There was no refuge, no safe space. I didn’t experience feeling safe as a child.
Refuge came many years after I escaped, through art and activism and through torture informed human rights based feminist support and friendships.
I’ve made many, many drawings, prints and paper installations that tell my story.
I see refuge situated in many relational contexts including in our human rights as persons that are stated in the 30 articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in ending patriarchy and misogyny.
Non-State torture is torture that is perpetrated in the private realm. Jeanne Sarson and Linda MacDonald of Persons Against Non-State Torture in Canada have lots of information on their website.