FEMINICIDIO: DEL (MAL LLAMADO) ÍNTIMO AL GENOCIDIO SEXUALIZADO
FEMICIDE: BY (BADLY NAMED) INTIMATE PARTNERS IN SEXUALISED GENOCIDE
The analysis of crimes based on gender in the Genocide Ixil or Sepur Zarco cases, among other cases of genocidal violence in Guatemala, can contribute both to answering and problematizing the question of whether feminicide is a modality of genocide.
Currently, 16 Latin American countries have criminalized the crime of femicide in the domestic jurisdiction, responding to a social demand that urged to adapt and improve the state response to the protection of women's lives, given the high rates of femicides perpetrated both in the near environment of the victims as by strangers. This last aspect - the depersonalization of gender crime - has served as a catalyst to propose, mainly from anthropology, sociology and critical studies of Law, the existence of a mode of extermination of women by the mere fact of being women which also questions us about the very meaning of what we now call war.
A parallel journey from Nuremberg to The Hague, in the light of International Human Rights Law, updates the unjustifiable and late typification of the international crime of sexual violence as a paradigm of the resistances of the Academy and the courts to admit socio-relevance legal status of attacks and differentiated impacts suffered by victims based on their sex. And how the legal figure feminicide makes its way, with similar difficulties, towards its consideration as an international crime, in the face of huge questions about its homologous or constitutive nature of genocide